of the two Marion Huffords born in Illinois
were two Marion HUFFORDs, both born in Illinois, one in
1858 and one in about 1870.
there was Marion F. Hufford born March 6, 1858, in Fulton
Co., Illinois. He became a lawyer. He was born to Francis
M. Hufford (b. abt 1833 in Kentucky) and his wife Hannah
BULL (born about 1833 in Illinois). Marion's ancestral
line from him to Christian b. 1716 in Schwaigern,
Marion > Francis > George
> John > Christian b. 1716 in Schwaigern.
Marion's mother died before June 29,
1860, when the U.S. census was taken in Buckheart
Township, Fulton County, Illinois (in the area of the
Canton post office). Marion appears on the 1860 census as
a two-year-old, living with his father, Francis (age 26,
b. IL). They are living in the home of his father's older
sister, Eliza (age 45, b. IN), and her husband, Andrew
FOUTS (age 53, b. IN). Also in the home are children of
Andrew and Eliza: Martin (age 5, b. IL) and Sarah (age
15, b. IL).
Listed next to them or near them on the census were the
families of his father's brother Levi (age 28, b. IN) and
his father's sister Mary (Mrs. Absolom FORD, age 38, b.
Marion's exact date of birth is from a "mug
book" biography that was in a book published in
1890: "Portrait and Biographical Album of Fulton
County (Illinois)," at pages 334 and 335. According
to that bio, Marion's father enlisted in Company A,
Fifty-fifth Illinois Infantry and served with the
regiment at Shiloh where he was captured, and he died in
a hospital in Memphis, TN, on November, 19, 1863.
Military records show that Francis M. Hufford was a
private with the 55th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, in
Company A. The battle of Shiloh was in April 1862.
The mug-book bio is online at fulton.ilgenweb.net.
The death of Marion's father in 1863 left Marion an
orphan, at the age of five. He continued living with his
Aunt Eliza, the older sister of his father.
In June 1870, when he was 12 years old, he was living
with his Aunt Eliza in Buckheart Township, Fulton County,
Illinois, in the area of Canton post office.
In June 1880, when he was 22 years old, he was living
with his Aunt Eliza in Buckheart Township, Fulton County,
Illinois. He was working as a farm laborer. Also in the
household were his sister Margery (23) and his aunt's
husband, Andrew FOUTS.
According to his mug-book bio, Marion studied at Normal
Schools in Bushnell and in Dixon (cities in Illinois),
read law with an attorney (Mr. Daniel Abbott) in Canton,
Illinois, and then went to law school at a law school in
Bloomington, Illinois. According to the mug-book bio,
Marion graduated from law school in June 1887. He would
have been about 29 years old.
News items from newspapers in Quincy (Adams County),
Illinois, of that time show that Marion was a practicing
attorney. Population of Quincy in 1890 was 31,500:
August 1887: Marion was in Quincy,
Illinois, practicing law.
February 29, 1888: Marion was in law
practice with Col. Moses Milton Bane. Their office was on
Fifth Street in Quincy, Illinois. An agent from an
insurance company came to town and began using office
space with the two lawyers. The insurance company was
Farmer's and Mechanics' Mutual Aid Association, of St.
Louis, MO. (Quincy Daily Herald; February 29,
1888; page 4.)
Nota bene: To understand the world that Marion
Hufford lived in, it is worth noting who Moses Bane was:
He was both a physician and an attorney, prominent in
Adams County, Illinois. Born in 1825 in Ohio, Bane was a
school teacher before he became a physician in 1848. He
practiced medicine in Payson, Illinois (Adams Co), for
ten years. In August 1861, Bane and others organized the
50th Regiment of Illinois Infantry. He served at Donelson
and Shiloh in 1862. He lost his right arm at Shiloh.
Before resigning his commission because of the loss of
his arm, he was at one point an Acting Brigadier General.
He studied at Harvard Law School after the war and
returned to Adams Co., Illinois. He was appointed
Collector of Internal Revenue at Quincy (Adams Co.) in
1866. He began a law practice in Quincy with Captain
Thomas Westfall. He served as commissioner of the lands
And Marion Hufford was in partnership with him in a law
January 1889: Marion
was at the Police Court, defending a lady who was charged
with being an "inmate" of "a disorderly
house." He got his client off "for lack of
proof that [she] had been guilty of immoral
conduct." (Quincy Daily Herald; January 29,
1889; page 4.)
May 1889: He was in Probate Court
representing a man who was suing his wife for divorce on
the grounds of adultery. (Quincy Daily Herald,
May 9, 1889; page 4.)
June 1889: He was one of the lawyers
playing in baseball game that pitted the local lawyers
against the local doctors. The newspaper headline was
"Pills Defeat Bills." (Quincy Daily Whig,
June 14, 1889.)
July 1889: He spent a week with friends
and relatives "at his old home in Canton, Ill."
(Quincy Daily Whig, July 20, 1889.)
July 1889: An advertisement in "The
Quincy Daily Whig": TO THE PUBLIC. M. F. Hufford,
attorney at law, 208 North Fifth Street, will given
careful attention to all business entrusted to him. He
practices in any and all of the courts; makes a specialty
of collections, making prompt returns; will draw up
wills, deeds, etc. Call and see him from anything in his
profession. (Quincy Daily Whig, July 21, 1889;
The July 1889 advertisement indicates that Marion no
longer was in partnership with Moses Bane. In fact, at
about this time, Bane was appointed Commissioner of Utah,
and that appointment likely ended the partnership.
August 1889: Marion left Quincy (Adams
County) and moved to Peoria (Peoria County). Marion
formed a law partnership with an attorney in Peoria.
Peoria's population in 1890 was 41,000. (Quincy Daily
Whig, August 9, 1889; page 8.)
January 1890: Marion moved back to
Quincy, and he was engaged to be married: "Mr.
Marion F. Hufford, formerly a prominent attorney in this
city until about five months ago, when he was induced to
give up his practice here and open an office in Peoria,
has been in the city for several days with a view of
relocating in Quincy. Mr. Hufford left his morning
for Peoria, where he will close his law business. Mr.
Hufford is a first-class lawyer and a good citizen and
the young lady to whom he is to be wedded in the near
future is one of the shining lights of the city." (Quincy
Daily Herald, January 4, 1890; page 5.)
1890: Sometime during 1890, he formed a
law partnership with R. J. MILLARD in Canton [Fulton
Co.], Illinois. Name of firm was "Hufford &
Millard." In Marion's mug-shot bio (surely written
by him), the law firm was described thusly: "They do
a general law business, and are besides agents for
several good Fire Insurance Companies."
May 1892: Marion was 34 years old and
had been an attorney for five years. He had just been
elected Police Magistrate in Canton, the largest city in
Fulton County. A police magistrate would be a low-level
judge, a judge in the Police Court. (Quincy Daily
Journal, May 11, 1892; page 5.)
There was a photograph taken in 1892 of Marion and a
group of police officers. The photo was found at www.cantonillinois.org. Marion in on
the far right in the photo:
"Police Magistrate Marion Hufford will sue the
Canton Register for slander -- $5,000." (Quincy
Daily Journal, January 26, 1893; page 6.)
October 1894: Marion was involved as an
attorney in a land transaction that ultimately was the
basis for the court case Trapp v. Off, 194 Ill. 287
The 1890 bio also described Marion as being "a
member of Morning Star Lodge No. 116 A.F. A.M." and
"Gem City Lodge No. 375 at Quincy." Those are
Masonic lodges. In other words, Marion was a Mason.
|That was the first
With the records at hand, this
researcher is unable to track the first Marion
Hufford after October 1894. There is one hint
beyond this date, but it is not a clear match,
and there's no reason to add information that may
or not be of the first Marion Hufford.
What is clear and reasonable to deduce is that
a man who was in law practice with the likes of
Moses Bane by the time he was 30 did not show up
in 1920 - when he was 62 years old - as a man
operating a street car and pretending to be 50
There was a second Marion
Hufford, and his information is below.
there was Marion E. Hufford born in about 1870 in
Illinois. He became a streetcar operator. He was in Los
Angeles, California, for the 1920 census. That Marion's
earliest "easy appearance" is on the 1895 Iowa
1895: This 2nd Marion was in
Victoria, Cass County, Iowa, for the 1895 Iowa State
Census. He reported himself as 25 and born in Illinois;
thus, born about 1870. Also in Victoria, Cass County,
Iowa, and almost certainly in the household with him were
his wife and son: Minnie Hufford, age 23, born in Kansas;
and Edwin Hufford, age 1, born in Cass County, Iowa.
1900: The photo
below is from a great-granddaughter of this Marion. She
reported that the photo was taken in 1900. It shows
Marion with his wife, Minnie, and four of their children:
1920: This couple
was in California, Los Angeles County, San Antonio
Township, in the city of Watts. Date of census was
January 3 & 5, 1920. ED 565; sheet 4-A; line 37.
Street address: 856 North Compton.
HUFFORD, Marion E; age 50;
married; b. Illinois; both parents b. Illinois;
motorman on an electric railroad. Owned house free
and without mortgage.
WIFE: Minnie; age 47; b. Kansas; both parents b.
Missouri; no job outside home.
SON: Ernest; age 22; b. Iowa; working as a vulcanizer
in a shop (i.e., operated a vulcanizer machine).
DAU: Ruth; age 14; b. Oklahoma; no occupation.
SON: Ralph; age 12; b. Oklahoma; no occupation.
The 1895 Iowa State census and the
1920 U. S census of California match for the ages of
Marion and Minnie, and for their places of birth.
California death records for Minnie, Edwin, Earnest,
Ruth, and Ralph:
(Minnie died under the surname LOVELACE. According to her
great-granddaughter, Minnie and Marion divorced, and
Minnie married secondly to a Mr. Lovelace.)
Additionally in the California Death
Index, there are two other Huffords who appears to match
to the family because of the state of birth and the
mother's surname. They are Leonard Benedict and Thomas
Checking for Leonard's WW I Draft
Registration Card, yields a match: Leonard B. Hufford in
Van Nuys, California: b. June 5, 1895, in Massena, Iowa.
Massena is in Cass County, which is where this 2nd Marion
and his wife Minnie were in 1895 for the Iowa state
Piecing together a family group, we have this:
Marion E. HUFFORD, b. abt 1870, Illinois
Minnie L. JOHNSON, b. 9 Sep 1872, Kansas; d.
6 Jun 1953, Los Angeles, CA.
(1) Edwin William,
b. Aug 15, 1893, Iowa; d. Mar. 8, 1952, Los Angeles,
(2) Leonard Benedict, b. June 5,
1895, Cass Co., Iowa; d. Nov. 18, 1982, Los Angeles,
(3) Ernest Carl, b. Feb 16, 1897,
Iowa; d. July 24, 1987, Los Angeles, CA
(4) Thomas Vern, b. Sep 27, 1898, in
OK; d. Oct. 1, 1989, Los Angeles, CA:
(5) Ruth Alice, b. Sep 13, 1905, OK;
d. Jan. 15, 1983, Los Angeles, CA; m. ROUNDY
(6) Ralph L., b. July 10, 1907, OK;
d. April 24, 1975, San Diego, CA
Next, a check for other HUFFORDs in
Cass County, Iowa, in 1895 finds the following on the
Iowa state census of 1895:
- Martha J. Hufford: age 46 (b. 1849); white; b.
Illinois; residence Edna, Cass Co.
- William Hufford: age 22 (b. 1873); white; b.
Kansas; residence Edna, Cass Co.
- Maud Hufford: age 15 (b. 1880); white; b. Cass
Co., Iowa; residence Edna, Cass Co.
- Nara Hufford: age 13 (b. 1882); white; b. Cass
Co., Iowa; residence Edna, Cass Co.
The populaton of Cass County, Iowa,
in 1900 was 21,000. Edna is a township, with population
in 2000 of only 140 people. Victoria also is a township;
it is immediately east of Edna Township; population of
Victoria Twp. in 2000 was 173 people. And Massena is both
a city and a township. Massena Twp. is immediately north
of Victoria Twp. All of the townships in that county are
squares of equal size; thus, the southwest corner of
Massena Twp. touches the northeast corner of Edna Twp.
Population of Victoria Twp. in 2000 was 607 people. The
town of Massena is within Massena Township; population in
2000 was 414. (Obviously, those 414 are part of the total
of 607 in the entire of Massena Township.)
The point of the above paragraph is that those three
townships had few people living in them back in 1895 when
Marion, Minnie, and Edwin were there, and when Leonard
was born there. Consequently, there is an especially
strong likelihood that Marion Hufford was connected to
the other four HUFFORDs in Cass County in 1895.
There was the following family on 1880 Census: Iowa, Cass
Co., Edna Twp. (June 1880):
- I. W. Hufford (male): 34 (b. abt 1846); farmer;
b. IL; father b. IN; mother b. IN
- M. J. Hufford (female): 31 (b. abt 1849); wife;
b. IL; father b. IN; mother b. KY
- M. E. Hufford (son): 10 (b. 1870); b. IL
- W. J. Hufford (son): 8 (b. 1872); b. Kansas
- G. Hufford (son): 6 (b. 1874); b. IL
- S. L. Hufford (dau.): 3 (b. 1877); b. Iowa
- M. Hufford (dau.): 11 months, b. in July (b. July
1879); b. Iowa
Those were the only Huffords in Cass
County. Please take special note of the M.E. Hufford, a
male born about 1870 in Illinois. My conclusion is that
he is the same as the Marion E. Hufford who is on the
1920 census in Los Angeles.
Next, there are Iowa burial records found at this site: iowawpagraves.org.
It is a compilation of records assembled during a Work
Projects Administration (WPA) project called the
"Graves Registration Survey."
A check of burial records in Cass County, Iowa, finds
- I.W. Hufford, d. 26-Jul-1881; bur. Reno M.E., in
Edna Twp.; aged 36 (in other words, born about
- Martha Jane Hufford, d. 21-May-1939; bur Reno
M.E., in Edna Twp.; aged 88 (in other words, born
There are only two cemeteries in
Edna Township, Cass County: Reno Cemetery and St. Timothy
Cemetery. Reno Cemetery is sometimes seen as "Reno
Here are photos of the grave stones of I.W. and Martha
Hufford, and of their son William J. (b. 1872). The
photos were taken February 18, 2009, by Cindy Baldogo who
granted permision for their use:
The stone for Martha is easily
1848 -- 1936
It's more likely that some transcriber along the way made
a mistake in the information that remains from the WPA
"Graves Registration Survey" project than that
a stone cutter made a mistake. In other words, Martha's
likely date of death was d. 21-May-1936. If she was 88 in
1936, she was born in about 1848. That is a match to the
1880 census and the 1895 Iowa state census.
Here is a photo of the entrance to Reno Cemetery:
At this point, it is evident that the Marion E.
Hufford born about 1870 who was in Los Angeles was not the same
person as the Marion F. Hufford born in about 1858 who
was the attorney in Fulton County, Adams County, and
Peoria County, Illinois in the 1880s and 1890s.
For a final proof, look at the side by side photos of the
Marion F., b. 1858
Marion E., b. 1870
Photo on the left is the man
who was a lawyer. Photo on the right is the man who
operated a street car. Photo on the left is from 1892;
photo on the right (reportedly) is from 1900. The man on
the left has a square jaw and deep set eyes. The man on
the right does not have a square jaw, and his eyes are
not deep set. The man on the left looks older in 1892
than the man on the right looks eight years later, in
There does, however, appear to be a resemblance. And that
leads to the surprise ending for this puzzle:
It's likely that the two Marions were first
There is a likely match for I.W. Hufford and his
wife Martha J.:
Isaac Hufford b. abt 1845,
who was the son of James Hufford b. abt 1822,
who was the son of George b. abt 1795,
who was the son of John b. abt 1758,
who was the son of Christian b. 1716 in Schwaigern,
IF that match is correct, the two
Marions were first cousins once-removed. (Marion-the
lawyer's father being the brother of
Isaac who was the son of James was born in about 1845 in
Indiana. On December 22, 1868, in Fulton County,
Illinois, Isaac married Martha J. FOUTS.
Like Marion-the-lawyer's father Francis, Isaac's father
James served in the 55th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer
Infantry; he served for four years. He enlisted as a
Private on Oct. 31, 1861, in Company D, Illinois 55th
Infantry Regiment. He mustered out at Little Rock,
Arkansas, on Aug. 14, 1865.
The most likely way to prove this connection would be to
obtain the death certificate for Martha Jane Hufford who
died May 21, 1936, and was buried in Reno Cemetery in
Cass County, Iowa. It is likely (but not certain) that
she died in Iowa, and that would be the first place to
check for her death record. Another source for needed
verification information would be the birth records for
Edwin Williams Hufford, Leonard Benedict Hufford, and
Ernest Carl Hufford, all born in Cass County, Iowa, in